Early security challenges
In the early days of the Internet, web hosting security was a secondary concern. Websites were mainly static and not very interactive, with security flaws that were relatively easy to exploit. Hackers quickly identified these vulnerabilities and began exploiting them to steal sensitive data, inject malicious code and disrupt websites.
The advent of firewalls and antivirus software
Faced with this growing threat, developers began integrating firewalls and antivirus software into web hosting. Firewalls were designed to filter incoming and outgoing traffic, while antivirus software detected and removed malware. These measures considerably improved web hosting security by blocking known attacks, but they were still insufficient to cope with more sophisticated attacks.
The rise of security protocols
As attack techniques have evolved, new security protocols have emerged. Among them, HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) has become the standard for securing communications between a browser and a web server. It uses an SSL/TLS certificate to encrypt data and guarantee its integrity. Web hosts have also begun to offer automated backup services, enabling websites to be restored in the event of a problem.
Security as a service
Today, many web hosting providers offer advanced security services as a complementary service. These include real-time monitoring, intrusion detection, protection against DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks, web application security and many other features. High-quality web hosting facilities also have dedicated security personnel who monitor and manage security incidents, ensuring ongoing data protection.